TWG Governance

Thematic lead: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)


Political and institutional frameworks are important for successful NDC implementation because they form the organizational structures, processes, and rules that allow governments to effectively address climate change.  In the context of NDC implementation, and depending on country context, this may involve:

  • Establishing an NDC coordination body and strengthening institutional arrangements;

  • Distributing roles and responsibilities and improving coordination among relevant ministries and other stakeholders;

  • Assessing and building institutional and human capacities;

  • Establishing laws or mandates that support NDC implementation, building on existing legal frameworks and planning processes;

  • Developing mechanisms for public participation and stakeholder engagement; and

  • Other considerations specific to country circumstances.


Objectives of the thematic working group

  • Strengthening capacity in partner governments

  • Building climate expertise in in sectoral ministries

  • Reinforcing government ownership and buy-in

  • Fostering engagement by stakeholders (especially private sector and civil society)

  • Ensuring linkages of NDCs with long-term development strategies

  • Supporting the revision and increased ambition of NDCs


Insights into the work

General description

This thematic working group focuses on providing thought leadership on political and institutional frameworks in the context of supporting countries on NDC implementation. This includes collaborating on knowledge products and events to address the challenges countries are facing related to NDC institutional arrangements and governance. Organisations involved in the thematic working group include UNDP, NewClimate Institute, the GIZ SPA Programme, World Resources Institute, the LEDS Global Partnership, CCAP, Climate Analytics, South South North, the GHG Management Institute, and ECN.



UNDP hosted an inaugural meeting of the Political and Institutional Framework Thematic Working Group in February 2017. The purpose of this inception call was to develop modes of collaboration, discuss priorities for the group, and share any forthcoming knowledge products that may be of interest or have potential for collaboration. During this call it was determined that the group would meet via teleconference every two months and take advantage of UNFCCC meetings (SBI and COP) for in-person meetings. 

During the NDC Support Cluster meeting on the margins of the NDC Global Conference in 2017, UNDP met with a group of countries to discuss the working group’s objectives and, more importantly, to collect feedback on country needs. Since then, several additional coordination calls and in-person meetings have been held to discuss opportunities for responding to these thematic needs.

The working group also held a side event at COP-23 on Mainstreaming Climate Change/NDCs into Sectoral Development and Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Planning Processes. The event engaged Cluster partners and countries in an innovative format to share experiences on this topic and present a tool developed by NewClimate Institute, ECN, and GIZ for linking NDC and SDG agendas at the national level.

The working group organised an in-depth thematic workshop on Political and Institutional Frameworks, which was held in June 2018. The event was jointly organized with the Thematic Working Group on Data and Transparency, led by WRI, as well as with GIZ and other NDC Support Cluster partners. Discussions at the workshop focused on building and strengthening transparency and governance frameworks at all levels of government (local, provincial, and national) and on improving vertical coordination among these actors for NDC implementation. The workshop pulled from expertise across all Cluster projects and fed results back into the broader NDC Support Cluster.


Contact: Michael Comstock (UNDP)