Peru

Peru
Member of the

Cluster activities

In-country lead: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
NDC Support Cluster approach:
  • NDC Cluster organisations with ongoing project activities (GIZ, UNDP) have held two calls to inform each other about planned activities. There is close coordination among the staff based in Peru.
  • Both organisations provide support related to stakeholder engagement and coordination of the Multi-Sectorial Working Group (GTM), which was established to guide the implementation of the NDC in key sectors.
  • GIZ provides support to the Ministerio del Ambiente (MINAM) in coordinating amongst implementing partners and donors and in developing a capacity building plan. This includes the systematisation of current international cooperation activities to identify 1) which organisations are currently supporting NDC implementation in Peru, 2) which topics/areas are covered, and 3) which additional services could be provided by donors and partners tailored to the needs of MINAM and the Multi-Sectoral Working Group.The systematisation of current international cooperation, gaps and opportunities is being jointly supported by the SPA Project and NDC Assist ‑ Contributing to the NDC Partnership (BMZ).
  • An initial workshop with the Mesa Verde, an existing donor coordination forum, took place in early August. The workshop set a base line to improve donor coordination. It was also supported by PNUD and GIZ via the SPA Project and NDC Assist.
  • UNDP, as per request, hired technical consultants for three ministries to assist them in the elaboration of road maps for transportation, forestry, agriculture and housing/sanitation. The road maps identify and prioritise one mitigation action each, and include an analysis of emission reductions, financial feasibility, financial mechanisms, legal instruments, co-benefits, and institutional arrangements as well as an implementation schedule.
  • In addition, UNDP will provide support to establish a tracking system for public and private climate finance and has already started conversations with the National Center of Strategic Planning (CEPLAN) and the Ministry of Economy.
  • On February 2018, the MINAM and sectors conforming the GTM met with at nearly 40 organizations for international cooperation and NGOs. The main objective was to establish alliances in order to support the NDCs implementation in the country, based on each sector’s own need’s assessment. Transversal approaches, especially gender equality and interculturality, are included in the support agreements. The meeting is seen as a milestone in the articulation of national and international agendas on climate change. The event’s organisation was supported by GIZ, UNDP and the Support Unit of the NDC Partnership.

Political Partner: Ministerio del Ambiente (MINAM)

Projects

NDC Cluster project(s)

For a complete overview of projects relevant for NDC implementation in Peru, download the list here

NDCs

Peru ratified the Paris Agreement on 25 July 2016, turning the INDC into its NDC, which is available on the UNFCCC website.

 Target

  • Reduce GHG emissions by 20% (or 30% with international support) by 2030 compared to the BAU scenario
  • No market mechanism is envisaged, but neither is it precluded
  • The LULUCF sector is included
  • Adaptation: a focus on five priority topics and cross-cutting issues (disaster risk management, resilient infrastructure, poverty reduction, gender and interculturality, private investment in adaptation)

Priority Sectors

  • The NDC includes an economy-wide mitigation target
  • Priority sectors regarding mitigation of GHG: LULUCF, Energy (incl. Transportation), Agriculture, Waste and Industrial Processes
  • Priority sectors regarding adaptation targets: Water, Agriculture, Fishery, Forestry, Health

Climate change policy context

  • The focal point for the NDC process is MINAM which was created in May 2008.
  • A Multi-Sectoral Working Group (GTM), which was established in July 2016 and operated until July 2018. The GTM counted with the participation of 13 ministries and the CEPLAN. It provided technical information which guided the process of implementation of the NDCs. MINAM acted as President of the GTM.
  • On April 17, 2018, the Peruvian President, Mr. Martín Vizcarra, approved the “Framework Climate Change Law”, which bill was approved on March 15 by the Congress of the Republic. The Framework Law institutionalises a permanent High Level Commission for climate change management, especially focused on the NDCs. It also seeks to embed climate change (mitigation, adaptation and emission reduction from deforestation and degradation) into national, sectoral and regional development planning
  • The National Climate Change Strategy (ENCC) 2015 – 2021 is the strategic guiding instrument for climate change management in the country. There are two major goals: to increase adaptive capacity and conservation of carbon pools, and to contribute to GHG emissions reductions. The implementation of the ENCC is supervised by the National Climate Change Commission (CNCC), which is headed by MINAM.
  • A national system (INFOCARBONO) to collect, assess and systematise information on GHG emission and removals by the different sectors involved in the elaboration of the National GHG Inventory is in place.
  • Peru submitted its first BUR on December, 2014. Based on the National GHG Inventory from 2010, the main categories of emissions by sources are: LULUCF, 35% (Forest and grassland conversion); Energy, 33% (Road transportation); Agriculture, 21% (Enteric fermentation and agricultural soils); Waste, 6% (Solid waste disposal); and Industrial processes, 5% (Mineral products: cement production).
  • Currently 12 NAMAs are being designed in: Waste sector (1), Transport (1), Industrial processes (3), Energy (2), Building sector (1), Agriculture (3), Livestock (1).
  • 65 projects have been identified under the framework of the Clean Development Mechanism and 20 potential REDD+ projects.
  • Currently, the MINAM is developing the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) in order to contribute to the compliance with the adaptation targets established in the NDCs and in the ENCC.
  • The country published its Environmental Agenda “Agendambiente 2015/2016” in December 2014. The document presents the commitments made and achievements in the field of climate change, biodiversity, environmental governance and environmental quality.
  • Peru submitted its Third National Communication in April 2016.
  • Peru approved its national “Action Plan on Gender and Climate Change” in July 2016, which seeks equal opportunities for women and vulnerable populations across different sectors and cross-cutting issues.