Morocco

Morcco
Member of the

Cluster activities

In-country lead: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
NDC Support Cluster approach:
  • GIZ and UNDP are having regular meetings for coordinating their cluster-related activities that contribute to all cluster support areas (see Thematic Work).
  • GIZ SPA aims to support the implementation of Morocco’s NDC. The project is contributing to the design of an NDC implementation roadmap by facilitating dialogue and consultations between national stakeholders, international organisations, and multilateral development banks. SPA also aims to enhance coordination among donors and implementing partners to enhance efficiency and effectiveness. The project facilitates country and international dialogue on capacity building needs (including dialogue relating to the Paris Committee on Capacity-building) in order to implement NDCs.
  • In close cooperation with SPA, the GIZ 4C project is leading efforts to strengthen and institutionalise coordination with other implementing partners and MDBs within the country that have started in the preparatory phase of the cluster projects through bilateral meetings (e.g. World Bank, UNDP and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development). Building on SPA outcomes, the GIZ 4C project is currently supporting the development of a Roadmap for NDC implementation. This roadmap will give strategic orientation and lay the ground for the elaboration of the national green investment plan and the NDC Partnership Plan of Morocco. The project is also supporting the development of the Moroccan National Climate Plan as a long term vision with a broad perspective on climate change policy and links to sustainable development strategy. It is further undertaking a capacity building program for 5 pilot regions with the aim to support t local actors to identify and structure projects for climate finance as a contribution from non-state actors to the national effort.
  • The UNDP NDC Support Programme provides technical support and capacity building for actors involved in GHG mitigation in Morocco. Currently, the programme is focused on further institutionalising the LEDS developed during its first phase (Low Emission Capacity Building Programme), aligning LEDS and NAMAs with NDCs, priority NAMAs, the financial sector and SMEs active in the energy sector.  

Political Partner: Ministry of Energy, Mines and Sustainable Development

Projects

NDC Cluster project(s)

For a complete overview of projects relevant for NDC implementation in Morocco, download the list here

NDCs

Morocco ratified the Paris Agreement on 21 September 2016, turning the INDC into its NDC, available on the UNFCCC website.

Target:

  • Reduce GHG emissions by 42% by 2030 compared to BAU scenario (unconditional 17%, conditional 25%)
  • Include LULUCF sector and identify emission sources 
  • Avoid precluding market mechanism
  • Adaptation with a number of quantifiable targets by 2020/2030 (National Adaptation Plan is under development)

Priority sectors regarding mitigation targets:

  • Energy (diversification of energy production, reduction of energy demand in households, transport, industry, services, agriculture and fisheries);
  • Transport and logistics (reduction in costs and disruption, large-scale public transport);
  • Industrial processes (cement industry, steel and metal manufacturing, other industries);
  • Agriculture (enteric fermentation and manure management, cropping systems, land use for agriculture, modernisation);
  • Waste (solid waste, wastewater management);
  • LULUCF (Natural forests, afforestation and reforestation, arboriculture, firewood from forests, firewood from orchards, forest fires)

Priority sectors regarding adaptation targets:

  • Risk-prevention management (observation and research in most vulnerable zones; ecosystem-based approach (protection of natural heritage, fishery, forestry, biodiversity, etc.));
  • Climate-sensitive production systems & high-risk infrastructures (agriculture, tourism, water and wastewater treatment); protection of cultural heritage

Climate change policy context

  • The Secretariat of State for Sustainable Development has been in charge of designing INDCs and NDCs. The responsibility for implementation lies with sectoral ministries.
  • The National Charter for the Environment and Sustainable Development is a framework legislation for the operationalisation of the principles and values ​​of sustainable development and for national environmental laws in Morocco.
  • Morocco’s international environmental commitments are outlined in the National Sustainable Development Strategy (2015-2030), which identifies seven issues the country must address in order to achieve sustainable development and which are to be devolved to regional level.
  • The National Strategy on Sustainable Development was adopted by the Council of Ministers in June 2017.
  • A Green Morocco plan, a climate change policy and different sectoral strategies (e.g. energy, water, and logistics) are in place.
  • Discussions and efforts on establishing and institutionalising a national MRV system including a GHG National Inventory System are ongoing. The MRV system currently followed is largely based on BURs methodologies and requirements. A guidebook on rules and procedures for the national inventory system has been published. Morocco submitted its first BUR on 7 May 2016.
  • The Secretariat of State for Sustainable Development is currently drafting a request for support through the Capacity Building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT) to the Global Environment Facility (GEF).