Member of the

Cluster activities

In-country lead: World Resources Institute (WRI)
Kelly Levin
NDC Support Cluster approach:
  • Implementing partners have held a call to exchange details of planned in-country activities.
  • WRI’s engagement will focus on data and transparency efforts as well as political and institutional frameworks. The MI project is focused on mobilizing significant investment for NDC implementation in priority sub-sectors.
  • Partners aim to enhance capacity to report toward the Climate Resilient Green Economy Strategy, and accordingly the NDC under the UNFCCC, which has the same overarching GHG emissions reduction target. Data needs to be improved to strengthen emissions reporting accuracy and to fill gaps. As there are no harmonized ministerial reporting practices of GHG emissions, there are many data gaps and few institutional mandates for reporting. On finance, much of the NDC is conditional on support and there is still significant work to assess possible financing avenues and track support received.
  • Based on government priorities, projects will assist the Ethiopian Government in MRV of its NDC which will help prepare the country for any revisions or updating of its NDC by 2020.
  • WRI has concluded a scoping assessment of gaps and needs in NDC implementation and tracking and has identified opportunities that may be undertaken in the workplan.
  • The MI project has also completed a scoping phase and is currently honing in on sub-sector activities related to supporting energy access and minigrid expansion.

Political Partner: Ministry of Environment, Forestry & Climate Change (MEFCC)

For a complete overview of projects relevant for NDC implementation in Ethiopia, download the list here


Ethiopia was the first Least Developed Country (LDC) and the third African country to submit an Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC. Ethiopia ratified the Paris Agreement on 9 March 2017, turning the INDC into its NDC, available at the UNFCCC website.


  • Fixed-level target to limit net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2030 to 145 Mt CO2e or lower which is equal to a reduction of its national GHG level by 64% in 2030 from `business as usual` level.
  • The foundation for Ethiopia’s NDC is the Climate Resilient and Green Economy Strategy (CRGE).
  • Ethiopia intends to sell carbon credits during the period.
  • Gases covered include: Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4) and Nitrous Oxide (N2O).
  • Sectors covered include: Agriculture (livestock and soil), Forestry, Transport, Electric Power, Industry (including mining) and Buildings (including Waste and Green Cities).
  • Adaptation plans are included based on the CRGE, Ethiopia’s Program of Adaptation to Climate Change (EPACC) and sectoral resilience strategies.

Mitigation Priorities

  • Improving crop and livestock production practices.
  • Protecting and re-establishing forests.
  • Expanding electric power generation from renewable energy.
  • Leapfrogging to modern and energy efficient technologies in transport, industry and buildings.

Adaptation Priorities

  • The main effort up to and beyond 2020 is to increase resilience and reduce vulnerability of livelihoods and landscapes in three pillars: drought, floods, and other cross-cutting interventions.

Climate change policy context

  • MEFCC is the lead government body responsible and legally mandated for environmental management. The ministry is the National Climate Change Focal Point for the UNFCCC. It prepares regulatory instruments and plays a regulatory role, ensures the mainstreaming and implementation of environment, forest and climate change issues in sectoral programmes and plans. Furthermore, it coordinates implementation of the Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy across the national sectors, and carries out capacity-building activities for sectoral and regional bodies.
  • Under the CRGE initiative, directed by the Prime Minister’s Office, the Environmental Protection Authority and the Ethiopian Development Research Institute, have been developing a strategy to build a green economy. The objective is to identify green economy opportunities that could help Ethiopia reach its ambitious growth targets while keeping greenhouse gas emissions low. The CRGE initiative follows a sectoral approach and has so far identified and prioritised more than 60 initiatives. A national fund, the CRGE Facility, has been put in place as a mechanism to mobilize finance from various sources, and drive investments to build resilience and for green growth.
  • Ethiopia has not yet submitted a biennial update report, but submitted its second national communication in 2016 coordinated by the Directorate of the State of Environment and Reporting within MEF.
  • Thematic working groups, under the guidance of the GHG Inventory coordinator at the Directorate of the State of Environment and Reporting, form the National GHG Inventory team, a multi-sectoral National Climate Change Committee.
  • Agriculture and energy are the most important sources of emissions, while the land-use change and forestry sector (LULUCF) is the most important with respect to removals.