Ethiopia was the first Least Developed Country (LDC) and the third African country to submit an Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC. Ethiopia ratified the Paris Agreement on 9 March 2017, turning the INDC into its NDC, available at the UNFCCC website.
- Fixed-level target to limit net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2030 to 145 Mt CO2e or lower which is equal to a reduction of its national GHG level by 64% in 2030 from `business as usual` level.
- The foundation for Ethiopia’s NDC is the Climate Resilient and Green Economy Strategy (CRGE).
- Ethiopia intends to sell carbon credits during the period.
- Gases covered include: Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4) and Nitrous Oxide (N2O).
- Sectors covered include: Agriculture (livestock and soil), Forestry, Transport, Electric Power, Industry (including mining) and Buildings (including Waste and Green Cities).
- Adaptation plans are included based on the CRGE, Ethiopia’s Program of Adaptation to Climate Change (EPACC) and sectoral resilience strategies.
- Improving crop and livestock production practices.
- Protecting and re-establishing forests.
- Expanding electric power generation from renewable energy.
- Leapfrogging to modern and energy efficient technologies in transport, industry and buildings.
- The main effort up to and beyond 2020 is to increase resilience and reduce vulnerability of livelihoods and landscapes in three pillars: drought, floods, and other cross-cutting interventions.