The Mongolian Ministry of Environment and Tourism is planning to establish a national law on climate protection in order to provide a suitable institutional framework for delivering its nationally determined contribution (NDC). With a new legal basis for climate action, the Ministry intends to clarify governmental structures and mandates, and set up mechanisms for cross-sectoral coordination. To get the process for this under way and lay the foundations for a dialogue on developing the new law, the Ministry turned to the NDC Helpdesk for assistance.
As one of the NDC Support Cluster’s partner organisations, the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) responded to the enquiry received by the Helpdesk, with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH providing additional financial support. Between April and June 2018, ECN analysed case studies on existing climate protection laws with the support of legal expert Michael Mehling from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). This formed the basis for drawing up a report entitled ‘Enacting Framework Legislation on Climate Change: Rationale, Trends and Outlook’, which explains the concept of climate protection legislation, describes historical trends in the evolution of climate laws, offers an overview of existing national climate laws and analysis the development process and the contents of two selected examples from the UK and Kenya,.
The Ministry of Environment and Tourism then organised a workshop in Ulaanbaatar where the results of the analysis were presented. A total of 30 participants from the environment ministry itself, the Ministry of Justice and Internal Affairs and various environmental organisations and civil society and academic institutions also had the opportunity to discuss what was expected from a climate change law and what benefits it would offer.
For Mongolia, the analysis and the dialogue during the workshop served as a starting point for delving deeper into the various ways a climate law could be designed. The Ministry of Environment and Tourism is keen to carry on this dialogue with the relevant actors involved in this area.
The NDC Support Cluster’s Helpdesk pools expertise and resources from all NDC Support Cluster partner organisations with the aim of providing flexible support for developing countries in delivering their NDCs. Further information about the Helpdesk and how to submit an enquiry can be found here.